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Personal Income and Outlays, October 2021

Summary:
Personal income increased .4 billion (0.5 percent) in October according to estimates released today by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (tables 3 and 5). Disposable personal income (DPI) increased .0 billion (0.3 percent) and personal consumption expenditures (PCE) increased 4.3 billion (1.3 percent). Real DPI decreased 0.3 percent in October and Real PCE increased 0.7 percent; goods increased 1.0 percent and services increased 0.5 percent (tables 5 and 7). The PCE price index increased 0.6 percent. Excluding food and energy, the PCE price index increased 0.4 percent (table 9).   2021 June  July  Aug. Sept. Oct.   Percent change from preceding month Personal income:        Current dollars 0.3  1.2  0.3  -1.0 0.5  Disposable personal

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Personal income increased $93.4 billion (0.5 percent) in October according to estimates released today by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (tables 3 and 5). Disposable personal income (DPI) increased $63.0 billion (0.3 percent) and personal consumption expenditures (PCE) increased $214.3 billion (1.3 percent).

Real DPI decreased 0.3 percent in October and Real PCE increased 0.7 percent; goods increased 1.0 percent and services increased 0.5 percent (tables 5 and 7). The PCE price index increased 0.6 percent. Excluding food and energy, the PCE price index increased 0.4 percent (table 9).

  2021
June  July  Aug. Sept. Oct.
  Percent change from preceding month
Personal income:  
     Current dollars 0.3  1.2  0.3  -1.0 0.5 
Disposable personal income:  
     Current dollars 0.1  1.3 0.3  -1.3 0.3 
     Chained (2012) dollars -0.4  0.9  -0.1  -1.6  -0.3 
Personal consumption expenditures (PCE):  
     Current dollars 1.1 0.0 1.1 0.6 1.3
     Chained (2012) dollars 0.6  -0.4 0.7  0.3 0.7
Price indexes:  
     PCE 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6
     PCE, excluding food and energy 0.5 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.4
Price indexes: Percent change from month one year ago
     PCE 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.4 5.0
     PCE, excluding food and energy 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.7 4.1

COVID-19 Impact on October 2021 Personal Income and Outlays

The estimate for October personal income and outlays reflected the continued economic impacts related to the COVID-19 pandemic. In October, payments for pandemic-related unemployment benefits decreased. The full economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic cannot be quantified in the personal income and outlays estimate because the impacts are generally embedded in source data and cannot be separately identified. For more information, see Effects of Selected Federal Pandemic Response Programs on Personal Income.

The increase in personal income in October primarily reflected increases in compensation of employees and personal income receipts on assets that were partly offset by a decrease in government social benefits (table 3). Within compensation, the increase primarily reflected an increase in private wages and salaries. Within personal income receipts on assets, both dividend income and interest income increased. Within government social benefits, unemployment insurance decreased, reflecting decreases in payments from three pandemic-related unemployment programs: Pandemic Unemployment Compensation Payments, Pandemic Emergency Unemployment Compensation, and Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (table 3).

The $214.3 billion increase in current-dollar PCE in October reflected an increase of $123.8 billion in spending for goods and an increase of $90.5 billion in spending for services (table 3). Within goods, increases were widespread, led by motor vehicles and parts. Within services, increases were also widespread, led by “other” services (mainly international travel). Detailed information on monthly PCE spending can be found on Table 2.3.5U.

Personal outlays increased $216.8 billion in October (table 3). Personal saving was $1.32 trillion in October and the personal saving rate—personal saving as a percentage of disposable personal income—was 7.3 percent (table 1).

The PCE price index for October increased 5.0 percent from one year ago, reflecting increases in both goods and services (table 11). Energy prices increased 30.2 percent while food prices increased 4.8 percent. Excluding food and energy, the PCE price index for October increased 4.1 percent from one year ago.

Updates to Personal Income and Outlays

Estimates have been updated for April through September. For April through June, estimates for compensation, personal taxes, and contributions for government social insurance reflect the incorporation of updated second-quarter wage and salary data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages program. Revised and previously published changes from the preceding month for current-dollar personal income, and for current-dollar and chained (2012) dollar DPI and PCE, are provided below for August and September.

  Change from preceding month
August  September 
Previous Revised Previous Revised Previous Revised Previous Revised
(Billions of dollars) (Percent) (Billions of dollars) (Percent)
Personal income:  
     Current dollars 41.3 69.0 0.2 0.3 -216.2 -203.7 -1.0 -1.0
Disposable personal income:  
     Current dollars 26.4 50.2 0.1 0.3 -236.9 -232.4 -1.3 -1.3
     Chained (2012) dollars -30.1 -16.4 -0.2 -0.1 -252.8  -254.4  -1.6 -1.6
Personal consumption expenditures:  
     Current dollars 155.1 171.1 1.0  1.1 93.4 100.6 0.6 0.6
     Chained (2012) dollars 87.3 95.5  0.6  0.7 36.4 38.0 0.3 0.3

Next release: December 23, 2021 at 8:30 A.M. EST
Personal Income and Outlays, November 2021

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Personal Income and Outlays Release Dates for 2022
Estimate Release Date
December 2021 January 28, 2022
January 2022 February 25, 2022
February 2022 March 31, 2022
March 2022 April 29, 2022
April 2022 May 27, 2022
May 2022 June 30, 2022
June 2022 July 29, 2022
July 2022 August 26, 2022
August 2022 September 30, 2022
September 2022 October 28, 2022
October 2022 December 1, 2022
November 2022 December 23, 2022
Bureau of Economic Analysis
The BEA Advisory Committee advises the Director of BEA on matters related to the development and improvement of BEA’s national, regional, industry, and international economic accounts, especially in areas of new and rapidly growing economic activities arising from innovative and advancing technologies, and provides recommendations from the perspectives of the economics profession, business, and government.

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