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Activities of U.S. Affiliates of Foreign Multinational Enterprises, 2018

Summary:
Majority-owned U.S. affiliates (MOUSAs) of foreign multinational enterprises (MNEs) employed 7.8 million workers in the United States in 2018, a 1.9 percent increase from 7.7 million in 2017, according to statistics on MOUSA operations and finances released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. MOUSAs accounted for 6.0 percent of total private-industry employment in the United States. Employment by MOUSAs was largest in manufacturing and in retail trade. MOUSAs with ultimate owners in the United Kingdom, Japan, and Germany were the largest contributors to total MOUSA employment. (See the Additional Information for definitions of MOUSAs and other terminology used in this release.) Employment by Majority-Owned U.S. Affiliates, 2018

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Majority-owned U.S. affiliates (MOUSAs) of foreign multinational enterprises (MNEs) employed 7.8 million workers in the United States in 2018, a 1.9 percent increase from 7.7 million in 2017, according to statistics on MOUSA operations and finances released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis.

MOUSAs accounted for 6.0 percent of total private-industry employment in the United States. Employment by MOUSAs was largest in manufacturing and in retail trade. MOUSAs with ultimate owners in the United Kingdom, Japan, and Germany were the largest contributors to total MOUSA employment. (See the Additional Information for definitions of MOUSAs and other terminology used in this release.)

Employment by Majority-Owned U.S. Affiliates, 2018

Activities of U.S. Affiliates of Foreign Multinational Enterprises, 2018

Current-dollar value added of MOUSAs, a measure of their direct contribution to U.S. gross domestic product (GDP), increased 8.4 percent to $1.1 trillion. MOUSAs accounted for 7.1 percent of total U.S. business-sector value added.

Expenditures for property, plant, and equipment by MOUSAs increased 4.0 percent to $277.4 billion. MOUSAs accounted for 16.3 percent of total U.S. private business capital expenditures. Research and development (R&D) performed by MOUSAs increased 6.6 percent to $66.9 billion. MOUSAs accounted for 15.2 percent of total U.S. business R&D.

MOUSA Share of Private Industry Employment by State, 2018

Activities of U.S. Affiliates of Foreign Multinational Enterprises, 2018

By state, private-industry employment accounted for by MOUSAs was highest in South Carolina (8.8 percent), Kentucky (8.4 percent), and Michigan (8.2 percent). In all three states, MOUSAs in the manufacturing industry employed the most workers.

Additional statistics on the activities of U.S. affiliates of foreign multinationals including sales, balance sheet and income statement items, compensation of employees, trade, and more are available on BEA's website. More industry, country, and state level detail are available on the website and will be highlighted in the December issue of the Survey of Current Business.

Updates to the statistics

Statistics for 2017 are revised to incorporate newly available and revised source data. Preliminary statistics for 2017 were released in November 2019 and highlighted in "Activities of U.S. Affiliates of Foreign Multinational Enterprises in 2017" in the December 2019 issue of the Survey of Current Business.

Updates to Statistics on 2017 Activities of U.S. Affiliates of Foreign Multinational Enterprises
Billions of dollars, except as noted

  Preliminary
estimate
Revised
estimate
Number of employees (thousands) 7,357.7 7,661.3
Value added 1,020.2 1,034.7
Expenditures for property, plant, and equipment 258.6 266.8
Research and development expenditures 62.6 62.8

Next release:  August 20, 2021
Activities of U.S. Affiliates of Foreign Multinational Enterprises, 2019

Bureau of Economic Analysis
The BEA Advisory Committee advises the Director of BEA on matters related to the development and improvement of BEA’s national, regional, industry, and international economic accounts, especially in areas of new and rapidly growing economic activities arising from innovative and advancing technologies, and provides recommendations from the perspectives of the economics profession, business, and government.

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