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U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, January 2019

Summary:
The U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis announced today that the goods and services deficit was .1 billion in January, down .8 billion from .9 billion in December, revised. U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services Deficit Deficit: .1 Billion -14.6%° Exports: 7.3 Billion +0.9%° Imports: 8.5 Billion -2.6%° Next release: April 17, 2019 (°) Statistical significance is not applicable or not measurable. Data adjusted for seasonality but not price changes Source: U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, March 27, 2019 Exports, Imports, and Balance (exhibit 1) January exports were 7.3 billion, .9 billion more than December

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The U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis announced today that the goods and services deficit was $51.1 billion in January, down $8.8 billion from $59.9 billion in December, revised.

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services Deficit
Deficit: $51.1 Billion -14.6%°
Exports: $207.3 Billion +0.9%°
Imports: $258.5 Billion -2.6%°

Next release: April 17, 2019

(°) Statistical significance is not applicable or not measurable.

Data adjusted for seasonality but not price changes

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, March 27, 2019

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, January 2019

Exports, Imports, and Balance (exhibit 1)

January exports were $207.3 billion, $1.9 billion more than December exports. January imports were $258.5 billion, $6.8 billion less than December imports.

The January decrease in the goods and services deficit reflected a decrease in the goods deficit of $8.2 billion to $73.3 billion and an increase in the services surplus of $0.5 billion to $22.1 billion.

Year-over-year, the goods and services deficit decreased $1.9 billion, or 3.7 percent, from January 2018. Exports increased $6.1 billion or 3.0 percent. Imports increased $4.1 billion or 1.6 percent.

Three-Month Moving Averages (exhibit 2)

The average goods and services deficit decreased $1.8 billion to $53.9 billion for the three months ending in January.

  • Average exports decreased $1.1 billion to $207.4 billion in January.
  • Average imports decreased $2.9 billion to $261.2 billion in January.

Year-over-year, the average goods and services deficit increased $2.5 billion from the three months ending in January 2018.

  • Average exports increased $4.5 billion from January 2018.
  • Average imports increased $7.0 billion from January 2018.

Exports (exhibits 3, 6, and 7)

Exports of goods increased $1.8 billion to $137.4 billion in January.

  Exports of goods on a Census basis increased $1.8 billion.

  • Foods, feeds, and beverages increased $1.3 billion.
    • Soybeans increased $0.9 billion.
  • Automotive vehicles, parts, and engines increased $1.2 billion.
    • Passenger cars increased $0.7 billion.
  • Capital goods decreased $0.8 billion.
    • Civilian aircraft decreased $1.3 billion.

  Net balance of payments adjustments decreased less than $0.1 billion.

Exports of services increased $0.2 billion to $70.0 billion in January.

  • Other business services, which includes research and development services; professional and management services; and technical, trade-related, and other services, increased $0.1 billion.
  • Transport increased $0.1 billion.

Imports (exhibits 4, 6, and 8)

Imports of goods decreased $6.5 billion to $210.7 billion in January.

  Imports of goods on a Census basis decreased $6.5 billion.

  • Capital goods decreased $3.0 billion.
    • Computer accessories decreased $0.9 billion.
    • Semiconductors decreased $0.7 billion.
    • Civilian aircraft decreased $0.7 billion.
  • Industrial supplies and materials decreased $2.3 billion.
    • Crude oil decreased $1.4 billion.

  Net balance of payments adjustments decreased less than $0.1 billion.

Imports of services decreased $0.3 billion to $47.8 billion in January.

  • Transport decreased $0.2 billion.
  • Travel (for all purposes including education) decreased $0.2 billion.
  • Other business services increased $0.1 billion.

Real Goods in 2012 Dollars – Census Basis (exhibit 11)

The real goods deficit decreased $7.8 billion to $83.8 billion in January.

  • Real exports of goods increased $3.1 billion to $149.7 billion.
  • Real imports of goods decreased $4.8 billion to $233.6 billion.

Revisions

Exports and imports of goods and services were revised for July through December 2018 to incorporate more comprehensive and updated quarterly and monthly data. In addition to these revisions, seasonally adjusted data for all months in 2018 were revised so that the totals of the seasonally adjusted months equal the annual totals.

Revisions to December exports

  • Exports of goods were revised down less than $0.1 billion.
  • Exports of services were revised up $0.3 billion.

Revisions to December imports

  • Imports of goods were revised down less than $0.1 billion.
  • Imports of services were revised up $0.4 billion.

Goods by Selected Countries and Areas: Monthly – Census Basis (exhibit 19)

The January figures show surpluses, in billions of dollars, with South and Central America ($4.5), United Kingdom ($2.0), Hong Kong ($1.8), Canada ($1.4), and Brazil ($1.1). Deficits were recorded, in billions of dollars, with China ($33.2), European Union ($13.1), Mexico ($7.2), Germany ($6.0), Japan ($5.3), Italy ($2.9), South Korea ($2.4), Taiwan ($2.2), India ($1.9), France ($1.2), OPEC ($0.2), Saudi Arabia ($0.1), and Singapore (less than $0.1).

  • The deficit with China decreased $5.5 billion to $33.2 billion in January. Exports decreased $0.2 billion to $7.5 billion and imports decreased $5.7 billion to $40.8 billion.
  • The balance with Canada shifted from a deficit of $0.7 billion to a surplus of $1.4 billion in January. Exports increased $0.4 billion to $24.4 billion and imports decreased $1.6 billion to $23.0 billion.
  • The deficit with South Korea increased $0.7 billion to $2.4 billion in January. Exports decreased $1.1 billion to $4.2 billion and imports decreased $0.4 billion to $6.6 billion.

Goods and Services by Selected Countries and Areas: Quarterly – Balance of Payments Basis (exhibit 20)

Statistics on trade in goods and services by country and area are only available quarterly, with a one-month lag. With this release, fourth-quarter figures are now available.

The fourth-quarter figures show surpluses, in billions of dollars, with South and Central America ($21.2), Hong Kong ($8.1), Brazil ($7.4), United Kingdom ($4.9), Singapore ($4.8), Canada ($1.5), and OPEC ($0.6). Deficits were recorded, in billions of dollars, with China ($102.6), European Union ($28.7), Mexico ($21.4), Germany ($16.3), Japan ($14.1), Italy ($9.4), India ($5.8), Taiwan ($3.9), France ($3.0), Saudi Arabia ($2.7), and South Korea ($1.8).

  • The deficit with China increased $6.3 billion to $102.6 billion in the fourth quarter. Exports decreased $8.2 billion to $37.2 billion and imports decreased $1.9 billion to $139.8 billion.
  • The deficit with Taiwan increased $1.9 billion to $3.9 billion in the fourth quarter. Exports decreased $0.7 billion to $10.6 billion and imports increased $1.2 billion to $14.5 billion.
  • The balance with Canada shifted from a deficit of $3.4 billion to a surplus of $1.5 billion in the fourth quarter. Exports decreased $0.8 billion to $89.1 billion and imports decreased $5.8 billion to $87.6 billion.

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All statistics referenced are seasonally adjusted; statistics are on a balance of payments basis unless otherwise specified. Additional statistics, including not seasonally adjusted statistics and details for goods on a Census basis, are available in exhibits 1-20b of this release. For information on data sources, definitions, and revision procedures, see the explanatory notes in this release. The full release can be found at www.census.gov/foreign-trade/Press-Release/current_press_release/index.html or www.bea.gov/data/intl-trade-investment/international-trade-goods-and-services. The full schedule is available in the Census Bureau's Economic Briefing Room at www.census.gov/economic-indicators/ or on BEA's Web site at www.bea.gov/news/schedule.

*             *             *

Next release: April 17, 2019, at 8:30 A.M. EDT
U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, February 2019

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Notice

Change to OPEC

With this release of the "U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services" report (FT-900), statistics for OPEC exclude Qatar, which withdrew from OPEC effective January 1, 2019. This change affects exhibits 14, 17a, and 19 of the FT-900 and exhibit 4 of the FT-900 Supplement. This change will also affect exhibits 20, 20a, and 20b of the FT-900 with the June 6, 2019, release.

Revised Release Schedule

The release schedule for the "U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services" report for the remainder of 2019 has been revised to reflect delays related to the recent lapse in federal funding. New dates are as follows:

Report Original Release Date New Release Date
February 2019 Wednesday, April 3 Wednesday, April 17
March 2019 Tuesday, May 7 Thursday, May 9

The "U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, April 2019" and "U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, Annual Revision" reports will be released as originally scheduled on Thursday, June 6, 2019.

Country Name Change

With the release of the FT-900 on May 9, 2019, references to Macedonia will be replaced with North Macedonia to reflect the country's recent name change. This change will also align with the name recognized by the U.S. Department of State and the International Organization for Standardization. This change will affect exhibit 4 of the FT-900 Supplement.

If you have questions or need additional information, please contact the Census Bureau, Economic Indicators Division, on (800) 549-0595, option 4, or at [email protected].

Bureau of Economic Analysis
The BEA Advisory Committee advises the Director of BEA on matters related to the development and improvement of BEA’s national, regional, industry, and international economic accounts, especially in areas of new and rapidly growing economic activities arising from innovative and advancing technologies, and provides recommendations from the perspectives of the economics profession, business, and government.

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