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The BEA Advisory Committee advises the Director of BEA on matters related to the development and improvement of BEA’s national, regional, industry, and international economic accounts, especially in areas of new and rapidly growing economic activities arising from innovative and advancing technologies, and provides recommendations from the perspectives of the economics profession, business, and government.

Articles by BEA

Personal Consumption Expenditures by State, 2019

22 days ago

State personal consumption expenditures (PCE) increased 3.9 percent in 2019, a deceleration from the 4.9 percent increase in 2018 (table 1), according to statistics released today by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. The percent change in PCE across all states ranged from 5.7 percent in Utah to 1.8 percent in Vermont.

PCE by state highlights

Expenditures on housing and utilities, and on health care grew 4.3 percent and 4.5 percent, respectively (table 2), and were the leading contributors to growth nationally (table 3).

Expenditures on housing and utilities, and on health care contributed to PCE growth across all states and the District of Columbia.
Expenditures on housing and utilities increased 5.1 percent in Utah, the fastest growing state, and was the second leading contributor to

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U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, August 2020

24 days ago

The U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis announced today that the goods and services deficit was $67.1 billion in August, up $3.7 billion from $63.4 billion in July, revised.

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services Deficit
Deficit:
$67.1 Billion
+5.9%°
Exports:
$171.9 Billion
+2.2%°
Imports:
$239.0 Billion
+3.2%°

Next release: November 4, 2020

(°) Statistical significance is not applicable or not measurable. Data adjusted for seasonality but not price changes

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, October 6, 2020

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on International Trade in Goods and Services

Exports and imports in August reflect both the

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Gross Domestic Product by State, 2nd Quarter 2020 and Annual Update, 2019

28 days ago

Real gross domestic product (GDP) decreased in all 50 states and the District of Columbia in the second quarter of 2020, as real GDP for the nation decreased at an annual rate of 31.4 percent, according to statistics released today by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. The percent change in real GDP in the second quarter ranged from -20.4 percent in the District of Columbia to -42.2 percent in Hawaii and Nevada (table 1).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on the Second-Quarter 2020 GDP by State Estimates

The decline in second quarter GDP reflected the response to COVID-19, as "stay-at-home" orders issued in March and April were partially lifted in some areas of the country in May and June, and government pandemic assistance payments were distributed to households and businesses.

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Personal Income and Outlays, August 2020

29 days ago

Personal income decreased $543.5 billion (2.7 percent) in August according to estimates released today by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (tables 3 and 5). Disposable personal income (DPI) decreased $570.9 billion (3.2 percent) and personal consumption expenditures (PCE) increased $141.1 billion (1.0 percent).

Real DPI decreased 3.5 percent in August and Real PCE increased 0.7 percent (tables 5 and 7). The PCE price index increased 0.3 percent. Excluding food and energy, the PCE price index increased 0.3 percent..

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on August 2020 Personal Income and Outlays

The August estimate for personal income and outlays was impacted by the response to the spread of COVID-19. Federal economic recovery payments slowed, as pandemic-related assistance programs begin to

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Gross Domestic Product, 2nd Quarter 2020 (Third Estimate); Corporate Profits, 2nd Quarter 2020 (Revised Estimate)

September 30, 2020

Real gross domestic product (GDP) decreased at an annual rate of 31.4 percent in the second quarter of 2020 (table 1), according to the "third" estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In the first quarter, real GDP decreased 5.0 percent.

The “third” estimate of GDP released today is based on more complete source data than were available for the "second" estimate issued last month. In the second estimate, the decrease in real GDP was 31.7 percent. The upward revision with the third estimate primarily reflected an upward revision to personal consumption expenditures (PCE) that was partly offset by downward revisions to exports and to nonresidential fixed investment (see "Updates to GDP" on page 3).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on the Second-Quarter 2020 GDP Estimate

The

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U.S. International Investment Position, 2nd Quarter 2020

September 29, 2020

The U.S. net international investment position, the difference between U.S. residents’ foreign financial assets and liabilities, was –$13.05 trillion at the end of the second quarter of 2020, according to statistics released by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). Assets totaled $28.87 trillion and liabilities were $41.92 trillion.

At the end of the first quarter, the net investment position was –$12.16 trillion (Table 1).

The –$882.6 billion change in the net investment position from the first quarter to the second quarter came from net financial transactions of –$77.5 billion and net other changes in position, such as price and exchange rate changes, of –$805.1 billion (Table A).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on Second Quarter 2020 International Investment Position

In

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Prototype Gross Domestic Product for Puerto Rico, 2012-2018

September 28, 2020

Today, the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) released prototype annual estimates of gross domestic product (GDP) for Puerto Rico for 2012 to 2018. This release represents another major step by the Bureau to develop comprehensive economic accounts for Puerto Rico that are consistent with international guidelines and that are directly comparable to data for other states and countries.[1] In conjunction with this release, BEA is requesting feedback to refine the data sources and methods used to prepare these statistics.

The prototype estimates showed that the Puerto Rico economy, as measured by inflation-adjusted (or "real") GDP, expanded from 2012 to 2014, before turning down in 2015 and continuing to decrease through 2018. As shown in Chart 1, exports of goods and services was a key

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Personal Income by State, 2nd Quarter 2020 and Year 2019

September 24, 2020

State personal income increased 34.2 percent at an annual rate in the second quarter of 2020, an acceleration from the 4.1 percent increases in the first quarter, according to estimates released today by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (table 1). Personal income increased in every state and the District of Columbia ranging from 15.3 percent in the District of Columbia to 76.3 percent in Massachusetts.

Increases in personal current transfer receipts more than offset decreases in earnings and in property income (chart 1). The increase in transfer receipts includes new government relief payments provided by the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act of 2020.

Transfer receipts. Transfer receipts increased $2.5 trillion for the nation in the second quarter of 2020, after

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U.S. International Transactions, 2nd Quarter 2020

September 18, 2020

Current Account Balance, Second Quarter

The U.S. current account deficit, which reflects the combined balances on trade in goods and services and income flows between U.S. residents and residents of other countries, widened by $59.0 billion, or 52.9 percent, to $170.5 billion in the second quarter of 2020, according to statistics from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). The revised first quarter deficit was $111.5 billion.

The second quarter deficit was 3.5 percent of current dollar gross domestic product, up from 2.1 percent in the first quarter.

The $59.0 billion widening of the current account deficit in the second quarter mostly reflected an expanded deficit on goods and reduced surpluses on primary income and on services.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on Second Quarter

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U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, July 2020

September 3, 2020

The U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis announced today that the goods and services deficit was $63.6 billion in July, up $10.1 billion from $53.5 billion in June, revised.

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services Deficit
Deficit:
$63.6 Billion
+18.9%°
Exports:
$168.1 Billion
+8.1%°
Imports:
$231.7 Billion
+10.9%°

Next release: October 6, 2020

(°) Statistical significance is not applicable or not measurable. Data adjusted for seasonality but not price changes

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, September 3, 2020

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on July 2020 International Trade in Goods and Services

Exports and imports increased in

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Personal Income and Outlays, July 2020

August 28, 2020

Personal income increased $70.5 billion (0.4 percent) in July according to estimates released today by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (tables 3 and 5). Disposable personal income (DPI) increased $39.9 billion (0.2 percent) and personal consumption expenditures (PCE) increased $267.6 billion (1.9 percent).

Real DPI decreased 0.1 percent in July and Real PCE increased 1.6 percent (tables 5 and 7). The PCE price index increased 0.3 percent. Excluding food and energy, the PCE price index increased 0.3 percent.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on July 2020 Personal Income and Outlays

The July estimate for personal income and outlays was impacted by the response to the spread of COVID-19. Federal economic recovery payments continued but were at a lower level than in June, and government

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Gross Domestic Product, 2nd Quarter 2020 (Second Estimate); Corporate Profits, 2nd Quarter 2020 (Preliminary Estimate)

August 27, 2020

Real gross domestic product (GDP) decreased at an annual rate of 31.7 percent in the second quarter of 2020 (table 1), according to the "second" estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In the first quarter, real GDP decreased 5.0 percent.

The GDP estimate released today is based on more complete source data than were available for the "advance" estimate issued last month. In the advance estimate, the decrease in real GDP was 32.9 percent. With the second estimate, private inventory investment and personal consumption expenditures (PCE) decreased less than previously estimated (see "Updates to GDP" on page 2).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on the Second-Quarter 2020 GDP Estimate

The decline in second quarter GDP reflected the response to COVID-19, as “stay-at-home”

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Activities of U.S. Multinational Enterprises, 2018

August 21, 2020

Worldwide employment by U.S. multinational enterprises (MNEs) increased 1.4 percent to 43.0 million workers in 2018 from 42.4 million in 2017, according to statistics released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis on the operations and finances of U.S. parent companies and their foreign affiliates.

Employment in the United States by U.S. parents increased 2.1 percent to 28.6 million workers in 2018. U.S. parents accounted for 66.5 percent of worldwide employment by U.S. MNEs, up from 66.1 percent in 2017. Employment abroad by majority-owned foreign affiliates (MOFAs) of U.S. MNEs was nearly unchanged at 14.4 million workers and accounted for 33.5 percent of employment by U.S. MNEs worldwide.

U.S. parents accounted for 22.0 percent of total private industry employment in the United States.

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U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, June 2020

August 5, 2020

The U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis announced today that the goods and services deficit was $50.7 billion in June, down $4.1 billion from $54.8 billion in May, revised.

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services Deficit
Deficit:
$50.7 Billion
-7.5%°
Exports:
$158.3 Billion
+9.4%°
Imports:
$208.9 Billion
+4.7%°

Next release: September 3, 2020

(°) Statistical significance is not applicable or not measurable. Data adjusted for seasonality but not price changes

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, August 5, 2020

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on May 2020 International Trade in Goods and Services

Exports and imports increased in June

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Personal Income and Outlays, June 2020

July 31, 2020

Personal income decreased $222.8 billion (1.1 percent) in June according to estimates released today by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (tables 3 and 5). Disposable personal income (DPI) decreased $255.3 billion (1.4 percent) and personal consumption expenditures (PCE) increased $737.7 billion (5.6 percent).

Real DPI decreased 1.8 percent in June and Real PCE increased 5.2 percent (tables 5 and 7). The PCE price index increased 0.4 percent. Excluding food and energy, the PCE price index increased 0.2 percent. 

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on June 2020 Personal Income and Outlays

The June estimate for personal income and outlays was impacted by the response to the spread of COVID-19. Federal economic recovery payments continued but were at a lower level than in May, and government

Read More »

Gross Domestic Product, 2nd Quarter 2020 (Advance Estimate) and Annual Update

July 30, 2020

Real gross domestic product (GDP) decreased at an annual rate of 32.9 percent in the second quarter of 2020 (table 1), according to the "advance" estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In the first quarter, real GDP decreased 5.0 percent.

The GDP estimate released today is based on source data that are incomplete or subject to further revision by the source agency (see "Source Data for the Advance Estimate" on page 2). The "second" estimate for the second quarter, based on more complete data, will be released on August 27, 2020.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on the Second-Quarter 2020 GDP Estimate

The decline in second quarter GDP reflected the response to COVID-19, as "stay-at-home" orders issued in March and April were partially lifted

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Direct Investment by Country and Industry, 2019

July 23, 2020

The U.S. direct investment abroad position, or cumulative level of investment, increased $158.6 billion to $5.96 trillion at the end of 2019 from $5.80 trillion at the end of 2018, according to statistics released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). The increase reflected a $95.7 billion increase in the position in Europe, primarily in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands. By industry, manufacturing affiliates accounted for most of the increase.

The foreign direct investment in the United States position increased $331.2 billion to $4.46 trillion at the end of 2019 from $4.13 trillion at the end of 2018. The increase mainly reflected a $157.3 billion increase in the position from Asia and Pacific, primarily Japan. By industry, affiliates in manufacturing, finance and insurance,

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Gross Domestic Product by State, 1st Quarter 2020

July 7, 2020

Real gross domestic product (GDP) decreased in all 50 states and the District of Columbia in the first quarter of 2020, according to statistics released today by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. The percent change in real GDP in the first quarter ranged from -1.3 percent in Nebraska to -8.2 percent in New York and Nevada (table 1).

Accommodation and food services; finance and insurance; healthcare and social assistance; and arts, entertainment, and recreation were the leading contributors to the decrease in real GDP nationally (table 2). Accommodation and food services was the leading contributor to the decrease in Nevada. Finance and insurance was the leading contributor to the decrease in New York.

Other highlights

Accommodation and food services decreased 26.8 percent

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Gross Domestic Product by Industry, 1st Quarter 2020

July 6, 2020

Accommodation and food services; finance and insurance; and health care and social assistance industries were the leading contributors to the 5.0 percent (annual rate) decrease in gross domestic product (GDP) in the first quarter of 2020, according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis. All sectors of the U.S. economy contributed to the decrease, led by a decline in private services-producing industries.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on the First-Quarter 2020 GDP Estimate

The decline in first-quarter GDP reflected the response to the spread of COVID-19, as governments issued "stay-at-home" orders in March. This led to rapid changes in production, as businesses and schools switched to remote work or canceled operations, and consumers and businesses

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U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, May 2020

July 2, 2020

The U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis announced today that the goods and services deficit was $54.6 billion in May, up $4.8 billion from $49.8 billion in April, revised.

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services Deficit
Deficit:
$54.6 Billion
+9.7%°
Exports:
$144.5 Billion
-4.4%°
Imports:
$199.1 Billion
-0.9%°

Next release: August 5, 2020

(°) Statistical significance is not applicable or not measurable. Data adjusted for seasonality but not price changes

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis; U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, July 2, 2020

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on May 2020 International Trade in Goods and Services

The declines in exports and imports that

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New Foreign Direct Investment in the United States, 2019

July 1, 2020

Expenditures by foreign direct investors to acquire, establish, or expand U.S. businesses totaled $194.7 billion (preliminary) in 2019. Expenditures were down 37.7 percent from $312.5 billion (revised) in 2018 and below the annual average of $333.0 billion for 2014–2018. As in previous years, acquisitions of existing businesses accounted for a large majority of total expenditures.

In 2019, expenditures for acquisitions were $190.7 billion, expenditures to establish new U.S. businesses were $2.5 billion, and expenditures to expand existing foreign-owned businesses were $1.5 billion. Planned total expenditures, which include both first year and planned future expenditures, were $203.6 billion.

Expenditures by industry, country, and state in 2019

By industry, expenditures for new direct

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U.S. International Investment Position, 1st Quarter 2020, Year 2019, and Annual Update

June 30, 2020

First Quarter 2020

The U.S. net international investment position, the difference between U.S. residents’ foreign financial assets and liabilities, was –$12.06 trillion at the end of the first quarter of 2020, according to statistics released by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). Assets totaled $26.77 trillion and liabilities were $38.82 trillion.

At the end of the fourth quarter of 2019, the net investment position was –$11.05 trillion (Table 1).

The –$1.01 trillion change in the net investment position from the fourth quarter of 2019 to the first quarter of 2020 came from net financial transactions of –$184.2 billion and net other changes in position, such as price and exchange rate changes, of –$822.8 billion (Table A).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on First Quarter

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Personal Income and Outlays, May 2020

June 26, 2020

Personal income decreased $874.2 billion (4.2 percent) in May according to estimates released today by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (tables 3 and 5). Disposable personal income (DPI) decreased $911.1 billion (4.9 percent) and personal consumption expenditures (PCE) increased $994.5 billion (8.2 percent).

Real DPI decreased 5.0 percent in May and Real PCE increased 8.1 percent (tables 5 and 7). The PCE price index increased 0.1 percent. Excluding food and energy, the PCE price index increased 0.1 percent.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on May 2020 Personal Income and Outlays

The May estimate for personal income and outlays was impacted by the response to the spread of COVID-19. Federal economic recovery payments continued but were at a lower level than in April, and government

Read More »

Gross Domestic Product, 1st Quarter 2020 (Third Estimate); Corporate Profits, 1st Quarter 2020 (Revised Estimate)

June 25, 2020

Real gross domestic product (GDP) decreased at an annual rate of 5.0 percent in the first quarter of 2020 (table 1), according to the "third" estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In the fourth quarter, real GDP increased 2.1 percent.

The GDP estimate released today is based on more complete source data than were available for the "second" estimate issued last month.  In the second estimate, the decrease in real GDP was also 5.0 percent. With the third estimate, an upward revision to nonresidential fixed investment was offset by downward revisions to private inventory investment, personal consumption expenditures (PCE), and exports (see "Updates to GDP" on page 2).

Real GDP: Percent change from preceding quarter, Q1 2020 (3rd)

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Personal Income by State, 1st Quarter 2020

June 23, 2020

State personal income increased 2.3 percent at an annual rate in the first quarter of 2020, a deceleration from the 3.6 percent increase in the fourth quarter of 2019, according to estimates released today by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (table 1). The percent change in personal income across all states ranged from 4.9 percent in New Mexico to -0.3 percent in Michigan.

Increases in earnings contributed to personal income growth nationally and in 26 states plus the District of Columbia; while increases in transfer receipts and property income (dividends, interest, and rent) contributed to personal income growth in all states and the nation (table 2).

In New Mexico, the fastest growing state, the increase in transfer receipts was the leading contributor to personal income growth.

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U.S. International Transactions, 1st Quarter 2020 and Annual Update

June 19, 2020

Current Account Balance, First Quarter

The U.S. current account deficit, which reflects the combined balances on trade in goods and services and income flows between U.S. residents and residents of other countries, narrowed by $0.1 billion, or 0.1 percent, to $104.2 billion in the first quarter of 2020, according to statistics from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). The revised fourth quarter deficit was $104.3 billion.

The first quarter deficit was 1.9 percentage  of current dollar gross domestic product, up less than 0.1 percentage point from the fourth quarter.

The $0.1 billion narrowing of the current account deficit in the first quarter mainly reflected a reduced deficit on goods that was largely offset by a reduced surplus on primary income and an expanded deficit on

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U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, April 2020

June 4, 2020

UPDATE Exhibits 19 and 19b in the "U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, Annual Revision" report and exhibits 20 and 20b in the "U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, April 2020" report were updated on June 8, 2020, to incorporate seasonally adjusted services data by geography that were not available with the initial publication. The release text and relevant tables in "U.S. Trade in Goods and Services by Selected Countries and Areas, 1999-present" were also updated.

The U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis announced today that the goods and services deficit was $49.4 billion in April, up $7.1 billion from $42.3 billion in March, revised.

U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services Deficit
Deficit:
$49.4 Billion
+16.7%°
Exports:

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U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, April 2020

June 4, 2020

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Personal Income and Outlays, April 2020

May 29, 2020

Personal income increased $1.97 trillion (10.5 percent) in April according to estimates released today by the Bureau of Economic Analysis (tables 3 and 5). Disposable personal income (DPI) increased $2.13 trillion (12.9 percent) and personal consumption expenditures (PCE) decreased $1.89 trillion (13.6 percent).

Real DPI increased 13.4 percent in April and Real PCE decreased 13.2 percent (tables 5 and 7). The PCE price index decreased 0.5 percent (table 9). Excluding food and energy, the PCE price index decreased 0.4 percent.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on April 2020 Personal Income and Outlays

The April estimate for personal income and outlays was impacted by the response to the spread of COVID-19, as federal economic recovery payments were distributed, and governments continued

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Gross Domestic Product, 1st Quarter 2020 (Second Estimate); Corporate Profits, 1st Quarter 2020 (Preliminary Estimate)

May 28, 2020

Real gross domestic product (GDP) decreased at an annual rate of 5.0 percent in the first quarter of 2020 (table 1), according to the "second" estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In the fourth quarter, real GDP increased 2.1 percent.

The GDP estimate released today is based on more complete source data than were available for the "advance" estimate issued last month. In the advance estimate, the decrease in real GDP was 4.8 percent. With the second estimate, a downward revision to private inventory investment was partly offset by upward revisions to personal consumption expenditures (PCE) and nonresidential fixed investment (see "Updates to GDP" on page 2).

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on the First-Quarter 2020 GDP Estimate

The

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